Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) Rates

Patient safety is a key corporate priority for the Brant Community Healthcare System. This involves ensuring that patients are not at risk for contracting healthcare associated infections.

As part of an overall initiative, all hospitals with ICUs are required to report into the Critical Care Information System, where hospitals report a variety of critical care information. The data for VAP comes from here.

Ontario hospitals post quarterly VAP rate and case count for those infections acquired in their facility, using the following formula:

Total # of ICU cases of VAP after 48 hours of mechanical ventilation x1000
Total # of ventilator days for ICU patients 18 years and older 


VAP is defined as a pneumonia (lung infection) occurring in patients in an Intensive Care Unit requiring external mechanical breathing support ( a ventilator) intermittently or continuously through a breathing tube for more than 48 hours.

The condition can develop in patients for many reasons. Because they are relying on an external machine to breathe, their normal coughing, yawning and deep breath reflexes are suppressed. Furthermore, they may have a depressed immune system, making them more vulnerable to infection. The team in our Critical Care Unit have many ways to try to assist patients with these normal breathing reflexes, but despite our best efforts, patients are still at risk for developing pneumonia.

If you have further questions regarding VAP or infection control please contact us.

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